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Blackheads & Whiteheads
Blackheads and whiteheads are a common skin problem that affects many people.
While you can scrub and squeeze your face to get rid of blackheads or whiteheads, it is important to understand why they occur in the first place.
Our blackheads and whiteheads removal products have been designed with this purpose in mind. Our line of facial cleansers, exfoliators, masks and scrubs use natural ingredients like tea tree oil to unclog pores while removing dead skin cells from the surface of your skin without causing irritation or redness. These products will help you achieve smooth soft glowing skin with regular use.
Blackheads look black. Whiteheads may look white or reddish/brownish if the skin is irritated and inflamed. Blackheads, at least in theory, can be extracted and gotten rid of fairly easily, but it's a myth that they're always an open comedo. In fact there are multiple different types of blackheads. It's important to know that not all blackheads can be extracted and that attempting to do so can result in scarring. Whiteheads require special attention and should definitely not be extracted until you're very experienced with extractions; otherwise you risk permanent scarring.
Blackheads and whiteheads are both types of comedones. Comedones are the technical term for spots caused by plugged up hair follicles. When a plug forms it becomes darker than your skin tone, leading to a blackhead. If the keratin (a type of protein found in skin and hair) in the plug is exposed to air it oxidises, turning a dark grey/brown colour leading to a whitehead.
Blackheads contain slightly oxidized melanin, whereas whiteheads are just clogged sebaceous gland openings that don't have sebum to help speed up the oxidation process.
A combination of sebum, dead skin cells and other debris. Blackheads are especially prone to being caused by hormones or certain medications.
Blackheads occur when a pore is open and exposed to air. The air oxidizes oil and dirt in the pore, causing them to darken and appear as a black spot on the skin. Whiteheads form when a clogged pore becomes inflamed or infected with bacteria, resulting in pus-filled bumps which may look white or yellow on the skin.
Whiteheads are formed by a severe blockage of the hair follicle, usually due to excessive oil production. Blackheads are caused primarily by an excess buildup of dead skin cells combined with clogged pores.
Exfoliation is key! Exfoliating your face will help keep the pores clear and the surface smooth which reduces how likely they are to form. There are a range of different physical and chemical exfoliating products available for purchase from pharmacies, supermarkets and online. Chemical exfoliators are available in a range of strengths from low to high. The higher the strength the more irritation you may experience. It's best to start with a low strength product, then switch up if it's not doing enough or working fast enough for you.
If you're looking to cover up the appearance of blackheads and whiteheads, it is recommended trying a concealer rather than foundation, as it's less likely to become clogged in the pores. Concealers that are specifically designed for covering blemishes usually have a smoother texture that will slide across the skin without getting caught in pores.
You can't avoid them completely, but if you follow a good skincare routine and avoid using comedogenic (pore-clogging) products it will help to reduce the chance of new ones forming. There are also plenty of lifestyle choices that may be causing your skin to produce an excess of oil or clog pores. If you think this could be the case for you, take a look at my blog post about comedogenic ingredients.
Avoiding cigarette smoke will also go a long way to reducing the appearance of blackheads and whiteheads as smoking irritates the skin and causes it to become dry and flaky which, in turn, clogs the pores.